Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Outwitters: No Spawns! (Part One)

In my previous entry, I mentioned a game called Outwitters. I started playing this game several months ago, and it instantly became my new favorite game. In the time since then, however, it has nevertheless become even more and more interesting and enjoyable to me. I would recommend it to anyone who enjoys turn based strategy games, on the condition that they don't mind waiting for opponents to take their turns, an unavoidable necessity of asynchronous online games. It is available on iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch and is free to download, though I highly recommend purchasing the Uber Pack to gain all the additional teams aside from the bundled one (there are four total).

I recently participated in a fan organized tournament in which we imposed the restriction that we could not spawn any units. We had to use only the units we were given at the start of the game. One consequence of this was that managing wits was less important. Since there were no spawns allowed, once a unit was captured, it was gone forever. There was no replacing it. This style of play demands extremely cautious and defensive strategies, which means that attacks were rare, and we focused on moving our units around and buffing them with the medic. Eventually, we had more wits than we could reasonably spend in a single turn. Soon enough, I completely stopped thinking about how many wits I had and assumed I could move and attack (or heal) with each and every one of my five units if I wanted to. At the beginning of these games, this might not have been quite true, but by turn 4 or 5, wits were no longer really much of an issue.

I had the thought to write up a detailed analysis of my experiences, but in planning to do so, I realized that if I went as in-depth as I really wanted to, then there would be more of interest in these ten short games than I could reasonably cover in a short amount of time. Therefore, I decided it might be better to do a short series of writeups, providing in-depth commentary on a few select moments that I found particularly interesting.

To start off, here's a really critical moment from one of my last games as P2. It's from the endgame, the last few exchanges between my opponent and myself. I was in the process of sneaking my soldier along the bottom of the map towards my opponent's base when units up north started capturing each other. If I'd gotten my soldier on his way a turn sooner, things would have been much simpler, but as it happened the timing made this a very tense move for me.

P1: harvarnold
P2: TheGreatErenan
Map: Long Nine 

Here are the links to the replay of the entire game:

We'll pick it up in Turn 8, probably the most precarious moment of the game on my end.

This is a really critical move. At this point, I'm aware of the locations of all my opponent's units (I'd already captured his soldier on an earlier turn), though he can't know exactly where my soldier is. Anyway, I have some choices to make. Let's start with the easy decisions: It seems clear that I need to capture the sniper with my heavy or else my opponent would overwhelm me easily on the next turn. I don't have the firepower to take out the heavy, so it has to be the sniper. In addition, it's equally clear that I should then capture the medic with my runner, since if I attack either the runner or the heavy, the medic would simply heal it on the next turn, and I would have wasted my runner's attack power.

So I move my heavy to the space southeast of the sniper and make the capture. I also move my runner northwest of the medic and capture it. The placement of these two units is important.

The placement of both units should be fairly obvious to seasoned Outwitters players, but I'll explain anyhow. By putting the runner northwest of the medic, then if my opponent should decide to capture my runner with his heavy, then he would have to move it away from my base, which is a good thing for me because I am trying to delay my opponent's attack on my base as long as possible.

As for my heavy, under very different circumstances I might have placed the heavy northeast of the sniper instead of southeast, so as to force the enemy heavy to move before attacking mine and therefore having to spend that extra wit doing so. Additionally, that way my opponent would not have had the option of first attacking and then moving the heavy somewhere else. However, in this scenario it's clear that my primary goal is to prevent my opponent from destroying my base. Placing the heavy where I did prevents my opponent from moving the heavy next to my base, thus gaining me an extra turn.

Now for the tricky part.

My soldier at the bottom of the map is a tough call. Do I advance or do I retreat? I have to calculate very carefully here. Do I have enough turns to spare to destroy the enemy base with that soldier? Or do I need to move the soldier backwards to help defend the base?

I first consider what would happen if I advance the soldier. 

First of all, I can tell immediately that my opponent needs at least two turns to destroy my base. With only a runner and a heavy, only four points of damage can be inflicted in a single turn, but since my base still has five points, one turn won't be enough.

Unfortunately, with only my soldier guaranteed an uninhibited attack on the base (and not until my next turn, at that), it isn't immediately clear if I'll have enough turns at my disposal. It depends upon whether I'll also have my runner available and what my opponent does with the heavy and runner menacing my base.

So I have to consider every sensible possibility for my opponent's next turn. Let's make some simple lists:

For the runner: 

1. Move and attack my runner

2. Move and attack my heavy

3. Move and attack my base

For the heavy: 

A. Attack my heavy (and move)

B. Move and capture my runner

Combining these lists, there are six options to consider. Let's start with the easy ones.

I can obviously disregard 1B, since it would be pure foolishness to attack my runner with his runner and then capture it with his heavy, since the heavy can capture it unassisted. The runner's attack would be wasted.

1A is also fairly simple to work out my response: My runner is buffed, so my opponent can't capture it with only a runner. Even if he tried to block my runner with his two units...

...this would put his heavy at least a full two turns away from my base. That means I can at least get his base down to one point before he gets his heavy to my base. Before that point, however, I could move my runner somewhere on the left edge of the map where I can hop down to hit his base, so that if my opponent doesn’t capture it, I’ll win on the next turn. If he does capture it, it’ll take him another two turns to get his runner back to my base, and in the meantime, I can slow his heavy down with my own heavy to give my soldier plenty of time to finish the base off. 1A is clearly a win for me.

Let's consider 2A:

If my opponent doesn't attack my base on this turn, then it's clear that he'll need two additional turns to destroy it. But this option allows me to attack the base with my runner, thus giving me the extra point of damage necessary to win within only one more of my turns. So 2A means a win for me, no matter where the opponent's runner and heavy are placed or what they do on the following turn. I could comfortably ignore the threat to my base and focus on attacking instead.

How about 2B:

This option basically leaves me with the choice of whether I should capture the runner or attack the heavy. Since my runner is gone, it'll take me at least two more turns to destroy the base with my soldier alone. My opponent isn't going to let my heavy near his base if he can help it, so if I advance and attack the heavy, then he'll capture it next turn with his runner and heavy. Of course, this will prevent him from attacking my base that turn, thus giving me the extra turn that I need to win. If I had captured the runner instead of attacking the heavy, it's even better, because then he won't be able to capture my heavy, thus allowing me to win easily on the following turn. 2B is a win for me.

That leaves 3A and 3B. These are a bit trickier, because the runner's attack brings my base down to four, putting it in danger of being destroyed next turn if the heavy gets a chance to touch it.

3B is perhaps the simpler of the two.

If no one has attacked my heavy, then it cannot be captured in the next turn, thus allowing me to move it west and on the next turn move it next to my opponent's base for the win. The heavy's capture of my runner means that it'll take two more turns to get it next to my base, giving me the time I need.

3A is probably the trickiest of all. If my opponent brings my base down to four points with the runner and keeps his heavy within range of my base, probably by going around the north end of my heavy...

...then ostensibly one more turn is all he needs to win. I need at least two. So I need to make sure he can't attack my base again with both heavy and runner. This can be done by blocking the heavy’s movement forward with my runner and heavy.

However, this alone isn't enough. I have to attack his heavy with both my heavy and my runner, bringing it down to one point.

This is critical. On his next turn he won't be able to capture both my runner and my heavy (his runner cannot capture either unit in this case, as they both have two points left). On my next turn, I'll be able to capture his heavy with whichever unit he doesn't capture, thus forcing him to use only his runner to attack my base, which obviously affords me the time I need to finish off his base.

So it seems that advancing my soldier is a good idea. My opponent ended up using option 1A, but it doesn't apppear that there was anything he could have done at this point to stop me from claiming victory.

I didn't bother working out what might have happened if I'd tried to retreat my soldier to help defend, but just glancing at it, it looks to me as though it would have given my opponent a far better chance at winning.

Under normal playing rules, this game would have played out differently. We would have continued spawning additional units, adding strength to our existing forces and severely altering the tactical implications of the situation. Forcing the players not to spawn any units makes the game significantly more like Chess. It forces the player to think much more carefully about where his units can be placed without putting them in danger. And if he puts them in danger, who will come out on top in the ensuing exchange of units? It forces a player to consider where their opponent might have his units placed if they are still hidden by the fog of war. Personally, I wouldn't mind at all if One Man Left officially implemented a "No Spawns" game type in the Outwitters app and created some new maps dedicated to this mode. Whether or not they do so is obviously entirely up to them, but if they did, then I for one would regularly play it.

Until next time…